The Artistic Way of Programming

12 years back, when I started my formal classes in computer science, the first thing I learnt was “data” means “information”. A few days after that, we started conventional programming, where code and data were treated separately. For example, only data can be passed as the functional arguments. It was difficult for me to digest that “code, which is also information, is not treated as data”. I strongly felt that this will increase complexity of softwares in the long run.

A system does three things – read, transform (processing data), write. In other words – the mathematics (the transform part), and the effect of that in real life (the read/write part). The data transformation is indeed a mathematical concept, and with the help of read and write we make the mathematics (the transform part) useful to the real world. Bringing the “transform” part fully inside mathematical domain has its own benefit of using mathematics without fear (possible errors) for the analysis of the system, making the system more tractable mathematically. The catch is to treat both the elements of transformations, data and functions, equally.

Initially, code used to be bigger than the data, so sending data over the wire was feasible. But with time, data becoming huge, sending code to systems over the wire becomes the need, resting the data on the systems intact. With big data, the need of the hour is to treat the code as data, so that the code can be taken as argument to another meta function on a system having huge data which expects an algorithm for transformations.

Roughly speaking, codes are algorithms, algorithms are mathematical functions, functions are in turn actually look-up tables, i.e. data. Hence with this principle, all codes or functions are data.This is exactly the cornerstone of the functional paradigm. The functional programming is programming with functions, they treat functions and data likewise. Another principle I love, to control complexity, rules should not be complex itself.

Thumb rules rewritten for the functional paradigm:

Read-write and transformations(algorithms) should be separate.
Use immutable variables. Discourage use of reassignment statements.
Discourage side-effects (input/output or changing any variable in-place), every function should ONLY return its expected result.
Use referentially transparent functions (sometimes it is called pure functions) with no side effects, i.e. if x = y, f(x) and f(y) should be same forever.
Unit testing is a must for each function.
One of the main design patterns should be followed is to use expressions instead of instructions, i.e. it should be declarative in nature. Discourage use of loops like for/while – use recursive statements as shown above to calculate sum. Tell computers what needs to be done, not how to do it – it reduces error, especially edge cases.
With the need to control the complexity of the system and the advance design, the design pattern for the functional composition can be made to follow some basic algebraic structures, which in turn becomes more robust.

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10 Ways Entrepreneurs Can Change the Social & Economic Story

Men and women who create for-profit and nonprofit new ventures can and should do things of the kind that the President-Elect is likely to neglect, negate, or avoid. Entrepreneurs can quietly change the story, one organization at a time, whatever government may or may not do.

Here are ten ways venture founders can alter the course implied by what we know of Donald Trump’s intentions. They are all within our own authority, not those of government. We can:

  1. actively appreciate the economic and social needs of disadvantaged groups and consider how our own organization can make a difference-or start a new one that can; at least ensure that our own organization does not contribute to disadvantage;
  2. be inquisitive about rural and underserved populations adversely impacted by political, economic and tech change-and examine ways that our organization can make a positive contribution, including the offer of products, services or employment;
  3. create inclusive policies on gender, gender identity, race, national origin & religion; offer all employees dignity & respect, provide healthcare, parental leave, clear policies on sexual harassment, & the opportunity for participation in decision-making and sharing organizational success;
  4. take the opportunity to participate in the life of local communities to mutual advantage, through direct civic engagement, as well as supporting employee volunteering; become involved in community supported enterprises;
  5. evaluate all practices of the organization that may contribute directly or indirectly to climate change-and introduce ways that will reduce pollution; seek to be powered by clean energy and move to zero waste;
  6. ensure that the pay ratio between the highest and lowest paid members of the organization does not exceed 20:1 (as it was in 1965) to reduce financial inequity, given that the ratio between average American CEO pay and worker pay is now 303:1;
  7. re-examine the consequences of all purchasing decisions, in order to avoid pain and hardship, either in supplier organizations or the local and global community; research supplier behaviors on socio-economic parameters;
  8. commit to support the lifelong learning of all members of the organization, regardless of where they are starting or what position they hold-through internal development programs and external qualifications;
  9. employ socially responsible financial policies that do not disfavor any stakeholder, either close at hand or nationally, as well as avoiding immoral or self-serving practices, such as the avoidance of repatriating foreign profits;
  10. build a widely communicated progressive corporate story that is reflected through the behaviors of everyone in the organization and enshrined in all official organizational procedures; regularly monitor its reality.
  11. GEI scores 137 countries on 14 pillars of a healthy entrepreneurship ecosystem

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Marketing Trends To Follow

A business without marketing is like driving with your eyes closed. It’s because if you can’t tell anything about your products and services so you are not able to make a sell and therefore marketing is important in all aspects. It allowed you to know and understand the actual demand of the customer so you can sell the right products and services in a right manner that fits their need. So, what’s your strategy to stand out in the market in the year of 2017? Don’t get surprised, 2017 is around the corner and you have to tighten your belts and make a plan from now so you can win the cut-throat competition of the market and achieve all such goals which you are not able to attain this year. Content Remarketing: It simply stands for users who visited your website, but didn’t become a lead to bring them back to it. It bounced visitors into leads, increase brand recalls and effectiveness of SEO (Search Engine Optimization) and content marketing. Therefore, you must follow the content Remarketing trend in the year 2017 to achieve your target like a pro.

Mobile Website Ruling The World: Another thing you need to include in your 2017 marketing strategy is a mobile-friendly website. If you really want to rule the market and be in the each and every home so you have to switch to a mobile-friendly website. If you are not using mobile marketing to search new audience so you are actually losing all such opportunities which your competitors gain instead.

Video Marketing Is The Rising Star: Without any doubt, one good video can lead a massive social following because of people likely to watch a video instead of reading a page of text. It is an effective way of communication that allowed you to target a wider audience and therefore, you should include it in your marketing plan to win the ever-changing market competition. Storm The World By The Power Of Social Media: Social Media Marketing is about communicating with a wider audience. It allowed you to win the market and boost your position over the World Wide Web and increase your reputation.

All above points help you to make a winning strategy for the year 2017 which actually gives you the result that leads your business at a higher level. So, what are you waiting for? Make a plan as soon as it possible so you can implement it with confidence to achieve your goals.

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5 Book Recommendations to Have a Great 2017

As you run around doing your final Christmas shopping this week, have you remembered your favorite person? (You!)

I know you do a lot for others in your life – your family and extended family, your co-workers or employees, those people who serve you in your favorite restaurants, cleaners, mail delivery people, etc. – but what about yourself?

As we stare down New Year’s Eve and a whole new year of dreams and goals, why not give yourself a couple of books (or audiobooks) that can motivate and support you in achieving those dreams?

Here are my top five favorite motivational and inspiration books. If you haven’t read them, then you’re in for a treat…

#1. “The Advanced Formula for Total Success,” by Dr. Robert Anthony. This is a classic and one that I read every year. It is packed with the truth about what is holding you back from achieving your dreams, AND it tells you how to release the breaks. It is out of print, but luckily Amazon.com has many sellers still offering copies from a few bucks to over $40. Search for it today and get ready for a powerful, life changing book that you will enjoy for years to come.

#2. “Find and Use Your Inner Power,” by Emmet Fox. I read sections from this book almost every day. It is a book of essays, each only a page to a page and a half long. The essays are about the law of attraction from a spiritual perspective. Simply one of the best books out there to be reminded of the truth.

I recommend you start every day by reading a page or two.

#3. “The Secret,” by Rhonda Bryne. One of the most accessible books on the law of attraction. If you’re not familiar with this concept, then this is a great introductory book.

Bonus book: Another great introductory book on the law of attraction is: “As a Man Thinketh,” by James Allen. This book is probably available for free as an eBook. Great, quick read that will change the way you think.

#4. “The Success Principles,” by Jack Canfield. If you’re looking for a more complete, step by step, guide to setting and achieving goals, this book will get you there. Make sure you have a notebook handy as Jack will have you doing exercises as you plan the rest of your life.
#5. “The Complete Book of Phone Scripts,” eBook for sales people. How could I not put the bestselling book of phone scripts on this list of books to help you have a killer 2017?

If you are in sales, then this is a must have. Let’s face it: 80 – 90% of the objections and stalls you get are the same, day in and day out. You will be 100% more effective if you just take the time to script out the best practice ways of dealing with them. It’s called being prepared. Plus, this is the gift that keeps on giving with over $500 worth of extra bonuses!

So there you have it. 5 (actually 6) books that will help you set goals and achieve them. Give yourself something that will continue giving for the rest of your life.

Copyright (c) 2016 Mr. Inside Sales

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3 Affordable Cars for College Graduates and Young Students Living in Philly

Philadelphia, nicknamed Philly, is the fifth-most populous city of America. One of the main reasons of the city’s high population is the large number of students residing in Philly. It has the third-largest student concentration on the East Coast of America. It is home to more than 120,000 students who are enrolled in different universities around the city. There are more than 80 universities, colleges and schools in the region. Also, several young people are enrolled in the oldest university of America, University of Pennsylvania.

Buying a Car with a Limited Budget

As a student studying in Philadelphia, you must think that you should not spend your money on luxurious items. But, it doesn’t mean that you cannot buy a car to make your daily commute comfortable. Also, do not think that you will end up with an old, dilapidated car only. It is a fact that your limited budget will not permit you to buy a luxurious brand new car. But, if you research thoroughly, you will find several new car models that will fit your lifestyle and budget easily. Here are a few affordable car models that a student should consider buying in Philly:

· Nissan Versa

If you want to invest money in a good, reliable and sturdy car, you can consider buying Nissan’s Versa Sedan car. It is ranked as one of the cheapest cars in Philly. Nissan ensures that you become a proud new car owner for around $10,000. It means you can buy a car with the help of your limited budget. It is a great bargain because several new cars are priced around $30,000. The cheapest Versa S version of the car has a powerful engine with 109 horsepower. Its unique halogen headlights provide maximum visibility at night and make sure that you reach home safe.

Before visiting a dealership in Philly, make sure that you register as a Nissan College Grad on the company’s official website. Once you finish the registration process, print the Nissan College Grad Certificate and show it to the dealer for obtaining discounts.

· Hyundai Accent

Critics consider the car as a perennial best seller. You can buy the new Hyundai Accent for $14,745. However, you will be able to reduce the price of the car with the help of Hyundai College Grad Program. The auto manufacturer offers a student incentive program to college graduates and young students of Philly. Hyundai offers a $400 bonus for buying a car in Philly. The dealer will consider the bonus as a part of the down payment amount for buying the car.

Hyundai Accent will quench your thirst for a powerful car because it has a 137 horsepower, 1.6 liter four-cylinder engine. Also, you can make a choice between six-speed manual and six-speed automatic transmissions. The car is a joyful ride for the young generation because it provides a great audio system with six speakers, tilt-steering wheels, dual vanity mirrors and exterior temperature display.

· Kia Rio

Kia Rio is a favorite car among the young generation of America. It is because it offers spacious cabin space and cheaper maintenance costs. The 2017 model was unveiled at the 2016 Paris Auto Show. And, since then, it has captured the attention of car lovers across America. The South Korean manufacturer has packed several features for the tech-savvy students of Philly. It provides rear-camera display to help you park properly at your college. Also, its connection-on-command service UVO will provide you with driving directions and access your favorite apps to help you improve your driving skills. Similar to Hyundai, Kia Motors also offers a student incentive program in Philly. It provides a $400 discount along with other incentives to college graduates and young students.

Buying a new car signifies your entry to adult life. It is an important decision that will have immense consequences on your financial situation. So, do not make a hasty decision. Spend time in finding a car model that suits you. Do not forget to consider different incentive programs that auto manufacturers offer to college graduates and young students of Philly. It will make the car buying process affordable for you.

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